Anesthesia is commonly used on patients prior to medical and surgical procedures to aid in drowsiness, relaxation, and in certain circumstances unconsciousness. The purpose of anesthesia is to help to prevent the patient in feeling any pain they may experience during the operation.
Scientific research, and education have made anesthesia more error proof over time. The majority and most common of errors occurs in wrongful dosage by the anesthesiologist, operating equipment that is defective, failure to properly monitor patients vitals while using drugs, not having informative information on a patients medical history. In the United States every year there are preventable accidents that occur as negligence of anesthesiologist.
Negligence, or miscommunication between doctors, anesthesiologist, and nurses may increase the risk of anesthesia error. The more a team structures, and monitors a patients surgery and recovery time, the better and more organized things will go.
It is most important to be well educated on which type of anesthesia is most appropriate for each condition. The three types of anesthesia are: Local, regional, and general.Local anesthesia numbs a specific area of the body, and is applied directly to the surgery area. Numbing lasts no more than a couple hours. Regional anesthesia is the most widespread form, and is typically applied to an entire portion of the body. Such as while in labor. General anesthesia puts the patients completely to sleep. Patients whom undergo this form of anesthesia typically retain no memory during procedure. This anesthesia is most commonly used for operations on internal organs, whereas it is important for the patient to be still.
If a doctor, or nurse fails to administer properly, or likewise make a minor mistake it could cause drastic consequences. Results from error may cause heart attack, stroke, brain damage, coma, or even death.
In order for an anesthesia error to occur, it is as simple as a doctor or nurse neglecting to properly record and monitor a patient. When a doctor administers the wrong dosage, or wrong form of anesthesia, then this is considered malpractice. It is putting patients in risk, and could result in life changing problems.